Le peuple introuvable

Titre : Le peuple introuvable
Auteur : Pierre Rosanvallon
Éditeur : Gallimard Education
ISBN-13 : 2070418316
Libération : 2002

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La démocratie a proclamé la souveraineté du peuple, mais dans le même temps, c'est une société d'individus qui est advenue. Alors le peuple a paru insaisissable. Dès le commencement, le problème des conditions d'une " bonne " représentation politique s'est donc posé et il n'a pas cessé depuis. Pierre Rosanvallon s'attache à construire l'histoire de cette question. Partant des formulations et des expériences de la période révolutionnaire, il reprend ensuite le fil des interrogations et des tâtonnements du XIXe siècle pour montrer comment s'est constituée, au tournant du XXe siècle, une démocratie d'équilibre. Le rôle reconnu aux partis politiques, l'adoption de nouvelles techniques électorales, la place faite à des corps intermédiaires comme les syndicats, le développement des sciences sociales même ont apporté des éléments partiels de réponse au déficit originaire de figuration. Ce qu'il est convenu d'appeler la " crise de représentation " doit être compris comme résultant, depuis les années 1970-1980, de l'érosion de cette démocratie d'équilibre. Les transformations de la société et l'épuisement des institutions se sont alors conjugués pour faire retourner la démocratie à ses apories premières.

The Oxford Handbook of French Politics

Titre : The Oxford Handbook of French Politics
Auteur : Emiliano Grossman
Éditeur : Oxford University Press
ISBN-13 : 9780199669691
Libération : 2016-11-10

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The Oxford Handbook of French Politics provides a comprehensive and comparative overview of the French political system through the lens of political science. The Handbook is organized into three parts: the first part identifies foundational concepts for the French case, including chapters on republicanism and social welfare; the second part focuses on thematic large-scale processes, such identity, governance, and globalization; while the third part examines a wide range of issues relating to substantive politics and policy, among which are chapters on political representation, political culture, social movements, economic policy, gender policy, and defense and security policy. The volume brings together established and emerging scholars and seeks to examine the French political system from a comparative perspective. The contributors provide a state-of-the-art review both of the comparative scholarly literature and the study of the French case, making The Oxford Handbook of French Politics an invaluable resource for anyone interested in the foundations of contemporary political life in France.

From Deliberation to Demonstration

Titre : From Deliberation to Demonstration
Auteur : Paula Cossart
Éditeur : ECPR Press
ISBN-13 : 9781907301469
Libération : 2013

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This book, at the crossroads of history and political science, reveals the transformation of political rallies in France from the last years of the Second Empire until the end of the Third Republic. Originally designed by Republicans to teach citizenship and form political opinion through open debate, rallies gradually became a stage dedicated to the show of force, at the initiative of various emerging political formations. This distortion is apparent by the turn of the twentieth century, and became even more marked in the rallies between the two world wars. Faced with this transformation, the government did not hesitate, in the second half of the 1930s, to invalidate the liberal credo that had endorsed the right of assembly since the installation of the Republic. French participatory democracy has a history that this book helps to trace.

Democracy Past and Future

Titre : Democracy Past and Future
Auteur : Pierre Rosanvallon
Éditeur : Columbia University Press
ISBN-13 : 9780231510448
Libération : 2012-06-19

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Democracy Past and Future is the first English-language collection of Pierre Rosanvallon's most important essays on the historical origins, contemporary difficulties, and future prospects of democratic life. One of Europe's leading political thinkers, Rosanvallon proposes in these essays new readings of the history, aims, and possibilities of democratic theory and practice, and provides unique theoretical understandings of key moments in democracy's trajectory, from the French Revolution and the struggles for universal suffrage to European unification and the crises of the present. In so doing, he lays out an influential new theory of how to write the history of politics. Rosanvallon's historical and philosophical approach examines the "pathologies" that have curtailed democracy's potential and challenges the antitotalitarian liberalism that has dominated recent political thought. All in all, he adroitly combines historical and theoretical analysis with an insistence on the need for a new form of democracy. Above all, he asks what democracy means when the people rule but are nowhere to be found. Throughout his career, Rosanvallon has resisted simple categorization. Rosanvallon was originally known as a primary theorist of the "second left", which hoped to stake out a non-Marxist progressive alternative to the irresistible appeal of revolutionary politics. In fact, Rosanvallon revived the theory of "civil society" even before its usage by East European dissidents made it globally popular as a non-statist politics of freedom and pluralism. His ideas have been shaped by a variety of influences, ranging from his work with an influential French union to his teachers François Furet and Claude Lefort. Well known throughout Europe as a historian, political theorist, social critic, and public intellectual, Pierre Rosanvallon was recently elected to a professorship at the Collège de France, Paris, a position held at various times by Claude Lévi-Strauss, Michel Foucault, and Pierre Bourdieu. Democracy Past and Future begins with Rosanvallon's groundbreaking and synthetic lecture that he delivered upon joining this institution. Throughout the volume, Rosanvallon illuminates and invigorates contemporary political and democratic thought.

Socialism and the Experience of Time

Titre : Socialism and the Experience of Time
Auteur : Julian Wright
Éditeur : Oxford University Press
ISBN-13 : 9780192524669
Libération : 2017-06-29

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How do we make social democracy? Should we seize the unknown possibilities offered by the future, or does real change develop when we focus our attention on the immediate present? The modern tradition of social revolution suggested that the present is precisely the time that needs to be surpassed, but can society change without an intimate focus on today's experience of social injustice? In Socialism and the Experience of Time, Julian Wright asks how socialists in France from the mid-nineteenth to the mid-twentieth century tried to follow a democratic commitment to the present. The debate about time that emerged in French socialism lay beneath the surface of political arguments within the left. But how did this focus on the present relate to the tradition of revolution in France? What did socialism have to say about social experience in the present, and how did this discussion shape socialism as a movement? Wright examines French socialism's fascination with modern history, through a new reading of Jean Jaurès' multi-authored project to write a 'socialist history' of France since 1789. Then, in four interlocking biographical essays, he analyses the reformist and idealist socialism of the Third Republic, long side-lined in the historical literature. With a sometimes emotional focus on the present times of Benoît Malon, Georges Renard, Marcel Sembat, and Léon Blum, a personal history unfolds that allows us to revisit the traditional narrative of French socialism. This is not so much a story of the future hope for revolution, as an intimate account of socialism, intellectual engagement, and the human present.

Democracy in Modern France

Titre : Democracy in Modern France
Auteur : Nick Hewlett
Éditeur : A&C Black
ISBN-13 : 0826474233
Libération : 2005-12-08

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With its unique blend of political history and political theory, this book is a welcome addition to the series on Politics, Culture and Society in the New Europe. Nick Hewlett begins his fascinating study with a discussion of the various ways in which the concept of democracy has been interpreted. He continues by tracing the effect of France's revolutionary tradition on the theory and practice of democracy since the Enlightenment, looking in particular at both republican democracy and direct democracy. Hewlett examines the implications for democracy of profound social and political conflict in France and offers an unusual critique of the institutions and structures of formal politics, suggesting that their relationship with democracy is more tenuous than is often assumed. The political philosophy of `new liberals' such as Luc Ferry and Marcel Gauchet is also discussed in detail. Thought-provoking, original and closely-argued, this book explores some key aspects of politics in France whilst making a strong case for greater direct participation of ordinary people in politics. Nick Hewlett is Professor of French Studies and Director of the Centre for European Research at Oxford Brookes University. He is author of Modern French Politics. Conflict and Consensus since 1945 (1998), co-author of Contemporary France (with Jill Forbes and François Nectoux, 1994 and 2001), and co-editor of Currents in Contemporary French intellectual Life (with Christopher Flood, 2000) and Unity and Diversity in the New Europe (with Barrie Axford and Daniela Berghahn, 2000).

Offshore

Titre : Offshore
Auteur : Alain Deneault
Éditeur : The New Press
ISBN-13 : 9781595588463
Libération : 2012-01-24

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Offshore reveals how the vast network of unregulated financial centers—from Luxemburg to the Cayman islands to the tiny Pacific haven of Nauru— amount to a nether realm of drug and arms trade profits, enormous private accounts, and multinational corporate financial holdings. Delving into the scandals, the financial structure, and the history of this hidden side of globalization, sociologist Alain Deneault depicts something larger and more ominous than simple “tax havens” where financial elites and corporations must reside X days out of every calendar year to protect their earnings. Instead, Offshore describes a global base of operations from which massive criminal enterprises and corrupt corporations operate freely and with impunity, menacing developing nations and advanced democracies alike.

Counter Democracy

Titre : Counter Democracy
Auteur : Pierre Rosanvallon
Éditeur : Cambridge University Press
ISBN-13 : 1139474715
Libération : 2008-11-20

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Democracy is established as a generally uncontested ideal, while regimes inspired by this form of government fall under constant criticism. Hence, the steady erosion of confidence in representatives that has become one of the major political issues of our time. Amidst these challenges, the paradox remains that while citizens are less likely to make the trip to the ballot box, the world is far from entering a phase of general political apathy. Demonstrations and activism abound in the streets, in cities across the globe and on the internet. Pierre Rosanvallon analyses the mechanisms used to register a citizen's expression of confidence or distrust, and then focuses on the role that distrust plays in democracy from both a historical and theoretical perspective. This radical shift in perspective uncovers a series of practices - surveillance, prevention, and judgement - through which society corrects and exerts pressure.

Des communistes en France

Titre : Des communistes en France
Auteur : Jacques Girault
Éditeur : Publications de la Sorbonne
ISBN-13 : 2859444467
Libération : 2002

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La problématique générale de l'implantation sert de point de départ et permet une réflexion sur le phénomène communiste. Pour comprendre la nature des mutations qui traversent le communisme français, un des modèles possibles parmi les communismes mondiaux, il faut établir des liens forts entre le milieu, les idéologies, les phénomènes culturels, les systèmes politiques, les individus, les impulsions nationales et internationales. Autant de composantes qu'il faut analyser dans leur globalité en dégageant les rapports entre les groupes sociaux dans des cadres précis, les projets politiques, les influences réciproques. Un ensemble de points forts apparaissent : les contraintes d'un héritage, les luttes plus englobantes, les effets des pratiques locales, le territoire social comme enjeu politique, les questions nouvelles posées par l'inscription nationale dans un cadre fortement internationalisé, le rôle de l'entreprise, le groupe enseignant. Les valeurs communistes occupent une position variable et laissent la place pour d'autres orientations car le communisme ne fonctionne jamais en vase clos. Cet ouvrage résulte du séminaire de DEA, organisé dans le cadre de la Convention de partenariat " Mémoires d'usines, mémoires ouvrières " entre le Conseil général de la Seine-Saint-Denis, les Archives départementales de la Seine-Saint-Denis, l'Université Partis 13 et le centre de recherches sur l'Espace, les Sociétés et les Cultures, sous la direction de Jacques Girault.

Paris 1900

Titre : Paris 1900
Auteur : Christophe Prochasson
Éditeur : Calmann-Lévy
ISBN-13 : 9782702150757
Libération : 1999-09-15

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Et si Paris, comme d'autres métropoles de légende, vivait surtout d'images ? Si la culture pouvait construire l'espace ? C'est cette hypothèse que voudrait tester ce livre pour l'un des moments les plus forts de la capitale : les années 1890-1910, qui voient surgir la tour Eiffel, naître le métropolitain, tandis que triomphent, sur la scène, Feydeau, Courteline et Rostand. Comment ne pas être frappé par la multitude de textes, littéraires, journalistiques, scientifiques ou touristiques, qui s'emparent de Paris pour en bâtir le mythe ? Mais il y a plus ici qu'un simple miroir où Paris se contemple. En examinant le jeu des relations sociales, qui est celui des élites d'une capitale se piquant de ne vivre que de culture, on saisit le poids d'un spectacle qui offre, à tout moment, l'espace renouvelé de ses représentations. Chacun tient son rôle, s'appuie sur ses amis ou ses clientèles. Paris est un théâtre. La métaphore n'est pas sans vertu pour comprendre l'intimité du fonctionnement de la vie culturelle à Paris. En investissant les coulisses du petit monde parisien, on saisit mieux les mutations de la culture des élites face à la montée en puissance d'une civilisation de masse et les réponses de ces élites aux défis de la massification. Un débat où la grande ville moderne intervient de façon prépondérante.