Plato and Hesiod
A collection of essays exploring the relationship between Plato and the poet Hesiod. The volume covers a wide variety of thematic angles, brings new and sometimes surprising light to a large range of Platonic dialogues, and represents a major contribution to the study of the reception of archaic poetry in Athens.
Spatial Conceptions of the Nation
The formation of nation-states is as much the result of projects regarding land and people, as of military and political struggle. How nationalists imagined the borders of their desired territory, and how they defined the ‘nation’ have determined the nature of the struggle. 'Spatial Conceptions of the Nation' looks at the various aspects and stages of this process in Greece and Turkey - two states where alternative principles establishing the basis for territory and population continue to compete. In this book, the authors discuss the intellectual and political conditions within which variously demarcated national spaces were imagined. They consider the debates, social forces, and world-historical events that shaped different versions of the national territorial project. _x000D_ _x000D_ Nationalists desire to establish congruence between spatial boundaries of the imagined nation and the actual cartography to be ratified in the inter-state system. As we know, however, this was rarely achieved: rival nationalisms gave rise to separatism and irredentism, expulsions, compulsory exchange and ethnic cleansing of populations, which then shaped the actual cartography. Official histories are often unreliable on the guiding tenet behind the blueprint of the nation-state. In both Greece and Turkey (and in their spatial extension - Cyprus), nationalists continue to struggle with rival conceptions giving priority to religion, ethnicity, or a secular and constitutional principle of historical place. Since the conception of the nation has a variable correlative, the advertised desire for homogeneity within the territory can never be achieved._x000D_ _x000D_ This book uncovers the alternative paths that could have been taken in the construction and the inhabiting of the nation-state in Greece and Turkey, and expands on concerns that remain topics of unresolved debate in contemporary politics.
Plato and Myth
Through the contributions of specialists in the field, this volume addresses the still open question of the role and status of myth in Plato’s dialogues and thereby speaks to the broader problem of the relation between philosophy and poetic discourse.
Jews in Byzantium
Byzantine Jews: Dialectics of Minority and Majority Cultures is the collective product of a three year research group convened under the auspices of Scholion: Interdisciplinary Research Center in Jewish Studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The volume provides both a survey and an analysis of the social and cultural history of Byzantine Jewry from its inception until the fifteenth century, within the wider context of the Byzantine world.
Imaginaires arch ologiques
Pourquoi cette passion, jamais démentie en France depuis deux siècles, du grand public pour l'archéologie ? Est-ce parce que l'irruption dans le présent des traces d'un passé soudain tangible parait offrir la possibilité d'un rapport direct avec les hommes qui les ont laissées ? L'archéologie, discipline douée d'une indéniable puissance évocatrice, ouvre la porte à de multiples réactions individuelles, de l'émotion esthétique à la naissance d'une vocation, de la reconstruction de véritables récits historiques à la production d'une oeuvre littéraire ou plastique. Les apparitions de l'art préhistorique, la sidération du jeune archéologue tombé amoureux de la jeune morte antique Gradiva, les controverses sur l'Atlantide, les quêtes folles des chercheurs de trésor; l'invention artistique de la civilisation pessinoise, l'amour exigeant des propriétaires de grottes ornées: les auteurs étudient ici dans le détail quelques-uns de ces imaginaires produits par l'expérience archéologique. Ces contributions s'inscrivent dans une généalogie qui, depuis le recueil des légendes attachées aux mégalithes par le folklore préhistorique de la fin du xixe siècle à la sociologie et à l'anthropologie des sciences aujourd'hui, interroge le rapport imaginaire, créatif et souvent passionnel que les hommes entretiennent avec leur passé enfoui.
From Plato to Lancelot
Considered an important figure in medieval French literature, Chretien de Troyes is credited with inventing the modern novel. This work demonstrates that Chretien learned the importance of translation from the Mediterranean-centered classical tradition. It examines how Irish monastic scholarship influenced the cultural identity of medieval Europe.
The term ‘cityscaping’ is here introduced to characterise the creative process through which the image of the city is created and represented in various media – text, film and artefacts. It thus turns attention away from built urban spaces and onto mental images of cities. One focus is on the question of which literary, visual and acoustic means prompt their recipients’ spatial imagination; another is to inquire into the semantics and functions that are ascribed to the image of a city as constructed in various media. The examples of ancient texts and works of art, and modern literature and films, are used to elucidate the artistic potential of images of the city and the techniques by which they are semanticised. With its interdisciplinary approach, the volume for the first time makes clear how strongly mental images of urban space, both ancient and modern, have been shaped by the techniques of their representation in media.
War as Spectacle
War as Spectacle examines the display of armed conflict in classical antiquity and its impact in the modern world. The contributors address the following questions: how and why was war conceptualized as a spectacle in our surviving ancient Greek and Latin sources? How has this view of war been adapted in post-classical contexts and to what purpose? This collection of essays engages with the motif of war as spectacle through a variety of theoretical and methodological pathways and frameworks. They include the investigation of the portrayal of armed conflict in ancient Greek and Latin Literature, History and Material Culture, as well as the reception of these ancient narratives and models in later periods in a variety of media. The collection also investigates how classical models contribute to contemporary debates about modern wars, including the interrogation of propaganda and news coverage. Embracing an interdisciplinary approach to the study of ancient warfare and its impact, the volume looks at a variety of angles and perspectives, including visual display and its exploitation for political capital, the function of internal and external audiences, ideology and propaganda and the commentary on war made possible by modern media. The reception of the theme in other cultures and eras demonstrates its continued relevance and the way antiquity is used to justify as well as to critique later conflicts.
The Reception of Ancient Greece and Rome in Children s Literature
The Reception of Ancient Greece and Rome in Children’s Literature: Heroes and Eagles investigates the varying receptions of Ancient Greece and Rome in children’s literature, covering the genres of historical fiction, fantasy, mystery stories and classical mythology, and considering the ideological manipulations in these works.
Science and Technology in Homeric Epics
In the Homeric Epics, important references to specific autonomous systems and mechanisms of very advanced technology, such as automata and artificial intelligence, as well as to almost modern methods of design and production are included. Even if those features of Homeric science were just poetic concepts (which on many occasions does not explain the astonishing details of design and manufacture, like the ones included in the present volume), they seem to prove that these achievements were well within human capability. In addition, the substantial development of machine theory during the early post-Homeric age shows that the Homeric descriptions were a kind of prophetic conception of these machines, and scientific research must be a quest for the fundamental principles of knowledge available during the Late Bronze Age and the dawn of the Iron Age. Such investigations must of necessity be strongly interdisciplinary and also proceed continuously in time, since, as science progresses, new elements of knowledge are discovered in the Homeric Epics, amenable to scientific analysis. This book brings together papers presented at the international symposium Science and Technology in Homeric Epics, which took place at Ancient Olympia in 2006. It includes a total of 41 contributions, mostly original research papers, covering diverse fields of science and technology, in the modern sense of these words.